What Does ‘ED’ Stand for in Special Education?

In this blog post, we will be discussing the meaning of the term “ED” in special education.

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Introduction

The term “ED” stands for “emotional disturbance.” Emotional disturbance is a disability category defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The IDEA defines an emotional disturbance as a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance:

An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

What is Special Education?

Special education is specifically designed instruction that meets the unique needs of children who have disabilities. It is also sometimes known as ‘exceptional education.’ The goal of special education is to help these students progress in school and in life.

Definition

The Jed Foundation defines special education as, “Specially designed instruction that meets the unique needs of individuals with exceptionalities.” According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), students with special needs are those who have been diagnosed with an intellectual disability, hearing impairment, vision impairment, speech or language impairment, serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairment, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health Impairment, or specific learning disability.

History

The field of special education has a long and complex history. Special education dates back to the 1700s, when children with disabilities were first segregated from the general education population. However, it was not until the 1800s that special education began to take on its modern form.

The early years of special education were marked by a growing understanding of the needs of children with disabilities and a movement towards providing them with specialized instruction. In 1817, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi opened the first school for children with disabilities in Switzerland. In 1832, Samuel Gridley Howe founded the Perkins Institute for the Blind in Boston, Massachusetts. These early schools were followed by others throughout Europe and North America, each catering to children with specific disabilities.

As more schools for children with disabilities were established, a body of knowledge began to develop about how best to educate these students. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, several important educational theorists emerged who had a significant impact on the field of special education. Edward Thorndike and Ivan Pavlovwere two of the most influential behaviorist researchers of this period. Their work helped to establish the foundations of Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), which is still widely used in special education today. Other important figures in the history of special education include Maria Montessori, Jean Itard, Édouard Séguin, and Lev Vygotsky.

Special education continued to evolve in the twentieth century, particularly in response to increasing pressure from advocacy groups for children with disabilities. In 1954, brown v boardof Education ruled that segregated schools were unconstitutional, opening up public schools to children with disabilities for the first time. This landmark decision paved the way for subsequent legislation that aimed to improve access to quality education for all students, including those with disabilities.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is perhaps the most important piece of legislation related to special education. IDEA was first passed in 1975 and has been amended several times since then. IDEA guarantees all students with disabilities the right to a free and appropriate public education (FAPE). This includes students with intellectual disability, physical disability, emotional disturbance, hearing impairment organs disease . IDEA also requires that schools provide disabled students with reasonable accommodations and modifications as necessary to ensure they have an equal opportunity to participate in their educational programs

What Does ‘ED’ Stand for in Special Education?

ED stands for emotional disturbance. Emotional disturbance is a broad term that includes a variety of mental health disorders. Some of the disorders that fall under emotional disturbance are anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and conduct disorder.

Emotional Disturbance

Emotional disturbance is a disability category defined by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Eligibility for special education services under the category of emotional disturbance requires the presence of one or more of the following conditions:

An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

The IDEA requires that a student be evaluated by a team of qualified professionals to determine if he or she meets the criteria for emotional disturbance. If determined eligible, the student must have an Individualized Education Program (IEP) developed that includes specific goals and objectives designed to meet his or her unique needs.

Specific Learning Disability

A specific learning disability is a disorder in one or more basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations.

The term does not include disorders such as mental retardation, brain injury, emotional disturbance, and developmental aphasia.

Conclusion

In conclusion, ‘ED’ stands for emotional disturbance. Emotional disturbance is a mental health disorder that can significantly impact a student’s ability to learn and function in school. If you think your child may have an emotional disturbance, it’s important to talk to your child’s doctor or a mental health professional. Early intervention and treatment can make a huge difference in your child’s success in school and in life.

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